Adderall XR is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adderall XR may be used alone or with other medications. Adderall XR belongs to a class of drugs called stimulants. Adderall RX tablets 30 mg contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. It is not known if Adderall XR is safe and effective in children younger than 3 years.
Dosing Considerations For All Patients
Individualize the dosage according to the therapeutic needs and response of the patient. Administer ADDERALL XR at the lowest effective dosage. ADDERALL XR may be taken with or without food. ADDERALL XR should be given upon awakening. Afternoon doses should be avoided because of the potential for insomnia.
In children with ADHD who are 6-12 years of age and are either starting treatment for the first time or switching from another medication, start with 10 mg once daily in the morning; daily dosage may be adjusted in increments of 5 mg or 10 mg at weekly intervals. When in the judgment of the clinician a lower initial dose is appropriate, patients may begin treatment with 5 mg once daily in the morning. The maximum recommended dose for children is 30 mg/day; doses greater than 30 mg/day of ADDERALL XR have not been studied in children. ADDERALL XR has not been studied in children under 6 years of age.
The recommended starting dose for adolescents with ADHD who are 13-17 years of age and are either starting treatment for the first time or switching from another medication is 10 mg/day. The dose may be increased to 20 mg/day after one week if ADHD symptoms are not adequately controlled.
In adults with ADHD who are either starting treatment for the first time or switching from another medication, the recommended dose is 20 mg/day.
What are the possible side effects of Adderall XR?
Adderall XR may cause serious side effects including:
- chest pain,
- trouble breathing,
- hallucinations ,
- new behavior problems,
- cold feeling,
- unexplained wounds,
- skin color changes (pale, red or blue appearance) in fingers or toes,
- seizures (convulsions),
- muscle twitches, and
- vision changes